SDL/openGL Texturing Problem

C9905357e68919dcd466cdfc466e4445
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Darir 101 Jan 07, 2012 at 05:58 opengl textures sdl

I’m writing a program that needs to display a textured 32x32 square from a 32x32 section of a tilemap. I’m using sdl to divide up the tilesheet and then register each individual tile as a separate texture.The problem is that nothing renders at all. I’ve checked the code out a good number of times, so I was hoping someone else would spot the problem. Thanks.

struct Texture {
SDL_Surface* tex;
GLuint texHandle;
GLint colorNum;
GLenum format;
};
//class render holds a tilesheet and manages it
class renderer {
private:
short width, height;
SDL_Surface* tilesheet;
std::vector<Texture*> tile;

//null will render to the screen
SDL_Surface* destination;
SDL_Surface* loadOptimized(std::string filename);
bool divideTilesheet();
public:
//regular loaded constructor
renderer(std::string filename, SDL_Surface* udestination);
//for creating a renderer with a procedurally generated tilesheet
renderer(SDL_Surface* utilesheet, SDL_Surface* udestination);

//tilex and tiley are both zero-based, so the upper-left tile would be (0, 0)
void render(int tilex, int tiley, int locx, int locy);

SDL_Surface* getResult() {return destination;}
};
renderer::renderer(std::string filename, SDL_Surface* udestination) {
tilesheet = loadOptimized(filename);
destination = udestination;
width = tilesheet->w/tileSize;
height = tilesheet->h/tileSize;
divideTilesheet();
}
renderer::renderer(SDL_Surface* utilesheet, SDL_Surface* udestination) {
tilesheet = utilesheet;
destination = udestination;
width = tilesheet->w/tileSize;
height = tilesheet->h/tileSize;
divideTilesheet();
}
bool renderer::divideTilesheet() {
//make sure we don't leave any previous tiles
tile.clear();
for(int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
  for(int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
   SDL_Surface* newTile = NULL;
   newTile = SDL_CreateRGBSurface(0, tileSize, tileSize, tileSize, 0, 0, 0, 0);
   SDL_Rect clip;
   clip.x = x*tileSize;
   clip.y = y*tileSize;
   clip.w = tileSize;
   clip.h = tileSize;
   SDL_Rect dest;
   dest.x = 0;
   dest.y = 0;
   SDL_BlitSurface(tilesheet, &clip, newTile, &dest);
   //the texture is created, so now we have to register it
   Texture* newTex = new Texture();
   newTex->tex = newTile;
   newTex->colorNum = newTex->tex->format->BytesPerPixel;
   if(newTex->colorNum == 4) {
    if(newTex->tex->format->Rmask == 0x000000ff)
     newTex->format = GL_RGBA;
    else
     newTex->format = GL_BGRA;
   }
   else if(newTex->colorNum == 3) {
    if(newTex->tex->format->Rmask == 0x000000ff)
     newTex->format = GL_RGB;
    else
     newTex->format = GL_BGR;
   }
   glGenTextures(1, &(newTex->texHandle));
   glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, newTex->texHandle);
   glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
   glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
   glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
   glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
   SDL_LockSurface(newTex->tex);
   glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, newTex->colorNum, newTex->tex->w, newTex->tex->h, 0, newTex->format, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, newTex->tex->pixels);
   SDL_UnlockSurface(newTex->tex);
  
   tile.push_back(newTex);
  }
}
return true;
}
SDL_Surface* renderer::loadOptimized(std::string filename) {
SDL_Surface* loaded = NULL;
SDL_Surface* optimized = NULL;
loaded = SDL_LoadBMP(filename.c_str());
if(loaded != NULL) {
  optimized = SDL_DisplayFormat(loaded);
  SDL_FreeSurface(loaded);
}
else return NULL;
return optimized;
}
void renderer::render(int tilex, int tiley, int locx, int locy) {
if(destination) {
  SDL_Rect dest;
  dest.x = locx;
  dest.y = locy;
  SDL_BlitSurface(tile[tiley*width + tilex]->tex, NULL, destination, &dest);
}
else {
  //render to the screen with opengl
  glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_2D);
  glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, tile[tiley*width + tilex]->texHandle);
  glBegin(GL_QUADS);
   glTexCoord2f(0, 0);
   glVertex2f(float(locx), float(locy));
   glTexCoord2f(1, 0);
   glVertex2f(float(locx + tileSize), float(locy));
   glTexCoord2f(1, 1);
   glVertex2f(float(locx + tileSize), float(locy + tileSize));
   glTexCoord2f(0, 1);
   glVertex2f(float(locx), float(locy + tileSize));
  glEnd();
  glDisable(GL_TEXTURE_2D);
}
}

It looks like the problem is somewhere in renderer::divideTilesheet.

4 Replies

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A8433b04cb41dd57113740b779f61acb
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Reedbeta 167 Jan 07, 2012 at 08:13

The SDL_CreateRGBSurface call looks suspicious to me. The fourth parameter is supposed to be the bit depth but you’re passing tileSize a third time? I guess that would happen to work if tileSize == 32; still, you’re not saying what you mean there.

The only other thing I thought of was that you’re not setting glColor anywhere; by default, the current color is multiplied with the texture when rendering, so if the color is black you’d get all black tiles. Try inserting glColor4f(1, 1, 1, 1) before your GL rendering code.

C9905357e68919dcd466cdfc466e4445
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Darir 101 Jan 07, 2012 at 16:49

The SDL_CreateRGBSurface call was a mistake. Thanks for pointing it out, but it doesn’t look like it’s helped at all. I’ve tried the glColor method, but that wasn’t working, either; I removed it before I originally posted here. I even tried rendering a regular square without texturing just below the textured one in the code to make sure that it hadn’t somehow been transformed out of the view of the screen. It rendered, but I still can’t get the textured square to render at all. It won’t render black, white, or any other color; I’ve changed the background color several times to make sure of that. I’ve also checked to make sure that every tile gets a texture handle and they do, which is making me think that the mistake is either with generating the tiles with SDL or with the rendering code.

A8433b04cb41dd57113740b779f61acb
0
Reedbeta 167 Jan 07, 2012 at 19:39

Hmm. So an untextured square rendered fine, but as soon as you turned on texturing, it vanishes altogether? You might try disabling blending and alpha testing, in case by some mischance one of those is being turned on and you’re getting a zero alpha in your texture. What if you make a 1x1 pure white texture? E.g.

unsigned char white[4] = { 255, 255, 255, 255 };
glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, 4, 1, 1, 0, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, white);

Also try sprinkling some glGetError() calls around your code, to see if OpenGL is generating any error codes.

46407cc1bdfbd2db4f6e8876d74f990a
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Kenneth_Gorking 101 Jan 08, 2012 at 09:19

I would also check the value returned from SDL_BlitSurface.